Dating the crucifixion of jesus
In John’s gospel, the “last supper” is described as a meal that takes place BEFORE the Passover (John 13:1).In John’s gospel, Jesus dies on the cross ON Passover.Thus all Jews in Jerusalem would not have been eating their Passover meal on exactly the same evening.However, the discrepancy in dating is perhaps best explained with the realization that the author of the gospel of John was not concerned about dates in the way modern historians are, but was giving a testimony of faith about his community’s experience of the risen Lord.One difference: in the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke Jesus uses parables or stories as a main form of teaching.In John’s gospel he tells NO parables, and speaks in a poetic style very different from his “voice” in the synoptic gospels.
Not that any great doctrine rests on the calculations below, but it sure is nice that we can have reasonable confidence that the dates of Jesus’ birth and death are secure and can be gleaned from a combination of biblical and extrabiblical historical data. C.) to mount his campaign to have all the boys two years old and under in Bethlehem and vicinity killed (see Matt , 19).
However, there is no reliable ancient historical evidence for such co-regency.
We conclude that Jesus was most likely crucified on April 3, 33.
Andreas Köstenberger is senior research professor of New Testament and Biblical Theology at Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary in Wake Forest, NC.
Justin Taylor is senior vice president and publisher for books at Crossway.