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Other sites include Swartkrans, Gondolin Cave Kromdraai, Coopers Cave and Malapa.
Raymond Dart identified the first hominin fossil discovered in Africa, the Taung Child (found near Taung) in 1924.
Further hominin remains have come from the sites of Makapansgat in Limpopo Province, Cornelia and Florisbad in the Free State Province, Border Cave in Kwa Zulu-Natal Province, Klasies River Mouth in Eastern Cape Province and Pinnacle Point, Elandsfontein and Die Kelders Cave in Western Cape Province.
These finds suggest that various hominid species existed in South Africa from about three million years ago, starting with Australopithecus africanus.
It is the southernmost country on the mainland of the Old World or the Eastern Hemisphere.
Since 1961, the long formal name in English has been the "Republic of South Africa" and Republiek van Suid-Afrika in Afrikaans.Settlements of Bantu-speaking peoples, who were iron-using agriculturists and herdsmen, were already present south of the Limpopo River (now the northern border with Botswana and Zimbabwe) by the 4th or 5th century CE (see Bantu expansion).They displaced, conquered and absorbed the original Khoisan speakers, the Khoikhoi and San peoples. The earliest ironworks in modern-day Kwa Zulu-Natal Province are believed to date from around 1050.South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.It is bounded to the south by 2,798 kilometres (1,739 mi) of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; South Africa is the largest country in Southern Africa and the 25th-largest country in the world by land area and, with over 57 million people, is the world's 24th-most populous nation.